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Cost of DNA Test in Nigeria: DNA test requirements, Best hospitals for DNA test in Nigeria

DNA testing has revolutionized the field of healthcare and diagnostics, providing invaluable information about genetic heritage, biological relationships, and potential health risks. In Nigeria, DNA testing has gained significant prominence due to its numerous applications and benefits. This article provides an overview of DNA testing in Nigeria, including its types, benefits, requirements, costs, and the best hospitals offering these services.

Importance of DNA Testing

DNA testing plays a crucial role in several areas, making it an essential tool for individuals, families, and healthcare providers. Some of its key importance include:

Establishing Biological Relationships

DNA tests, such as paternity, maternity, and sibling tests, can accurately determine biological relationships. These tests are instrumental in resolving legal and personal matters, providing clarity and peace of mind.

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Identifying Genetic Disorders

Genetic health tests enable individuals to identify potential genetic disorders they may carry or inherit. Early detection allows for better management, treatment, and preventive measures.

Exploring Ancestral Roots 

Ancestry tests utilize DNA to trace one’s genetic heritage and origins. This information helps individuals understand their ancestral roots, migrations, and connections to different ethnic groups.

Personalized Healthcare

DNA tests provide personalized healthcare insights, allowing individuals to make informed decisions about their lifestyle choices, disease prevention, and treatment options tailored to their genetic makeup.

Types of DNA Tests in Nigeria

DNA testing services in Nigeria have expanded over the years to meet the growing demand for genetic analysis and diagnostics. These services are offered by various hospitals, clinics, and laboratories across the country. Nigeria boasts a range of DNA testing types to cater to different needs:

Paternity Tests

These tests determine the biological relationship between a child and an alleged father. They are crucial in legal proceedings, inheritance matters, and personal knowledge.

Maternity Tests 

Similar to paternity tests, maternity tests establish the biological relationship between a child and an alleged mother. They are beneficial in cases where maternity is in question or for personal reassurance.

Sibling Tests

Sibling tests are performed to determine whether two individuals share one or both biological parents. They can provide clarity in cases where siblingship is doubted or disputed.

Ancestry Tests

Ancestry tests use DNA analysis to trace one’s ethnic background and genetic heritage. These tests shed light on ancestral origins and help individuals connect with their roots.

Genetic Health Tests

Genetic health tests identify genetic variations associated with specific diseases or health conditions. They provide insights into an individual’s predisposition to certain disorders and guide preventive measures.

DNA Test Requirements

To undergo a DNA test in Nigeria, certain requirements must be fulfilled. These include:

  • Documentation Needed: Individuals must provide valid identification documents, such as a national identity card, passport, or driver’s license, to establish their identity.
  • Consent Requirements: Informed consent is required for DNA testing, especially in cases involving minors or other individuals unable to provide consent. Legal guidelines must be followed to ensure ethical and lawful practices.
  • Sample Collection Process: DNA samples are collected using non-invasive methods, such as buccal swabs (swabbing the inside of the cheek) or saliva samples. The process is painless and straightforward.

Best Hospitals for DNA Testing in Nigeria

Nigeria has several reputable hospitals and laboratories offering DNA testing services. Some of the best hospitals known for their expertise and facilities include:

Lynx DNA Laboratory

Lynx DNA Laboratory is a state-of-the-art facility equipped with advanced technology for accurate DNA testing. They offer a wide range of tests, including paternity, maternity, sibling, and ancestry tests.

It is situated at: Harmony Enclave Estate, Ikeja, Lagos, 9b, James Oluleye Crescent, Off Adeniyi Jones Avenue, Koko bus stop next to Eco Bank.

Cost of DNA: ₦120,000

Lagos University Teaching Hospital (LUTH) 

LUTH is a leading healthcare institution in Nigeria, providing comprehensive DNA testing services. They have a dedicated genetics department equipped with cutting-edge technology and experienced professionals.

It is situated at: Idi-Araba Road in Lagos, Nigeria.

Cost of DNA: ₦85,000

Pathcare/Synlab Labs

 Pathcare/Synlab Labs is a renowned diagnostic center that offers DNA testing services across Nigeria. Their facilities are equipped with modern equipment, ensuring accurate and reliable results.

It is situated at: 9A/B Egbeyemi Street, Off Coker Road, Ilupeju, Lagos

17, Ladoke Akintola Street, along Aare Avenue, New Bodija, Ibadan, Oyo State.

Gwarinpa Estate, 1st Avenue, Abuja.

Kwara state high court, 9 Oke Ode Close, G.R.A, Ilorin.

No 29, Sakponba Road, opposite I.K. Pharmacy, Benin state.

Effurun/Sapele Road, along Urhobo College, at Odibo Housing, Delta state.

East/West Road, PH, across from the Uniport main gate. Rivers state.

Cost of DNA: ₦95,000 – ₦100,000

DNA Diagnostic Center (DDC)

DDC is an international organization with a branch in Nigeria, providing a range of DNA tests, including paternity, maternity, and genetic health tests. They adhere to international quality standards.

It is situated at: 1679 Karimu Kotun Street, Lagos Island, in Lagos State.

Cost of DNA: ₦90,000

Vinette Hospital

Vinette Hospital is a well-established medical facility that offers DNA testing services with a strong emphasis on patient care and accurate results.

It is situated at: Angel Plaza on Samuel Akintola Boulevard, 14 Gindiri Street along Wushishi Street, Garki 11. Abuja.

Cost of DNA: ₦105,000.

Atlantic Medical Centre

Atlantic Medical Centre provides comprehensive DNA testing services, catering to diverse needs, including paternity tests, ancestry tests, and genetic health screenings.

It is situated at: 76c, Emekuku Street off D-Line, Port Harcourt

Cost of DNA: ₦120, 000

Mecure Healthcare Center

Mecure Healthcare Center is a trusted provider of DNA testing services, offering accurate and confidential results in a timely manner.

It is situated at: Me Cure House, Debo Industries Compound, Apapa – Oshodi Expressway

Niyi Okunubi Street, Lekki Phase One (Opposite Mainstreet Bank) Lekki, Lagos

Me Cure House, Debo Industries Compound, Apapa – Oshodi Expressway (near NAFDAC)

5, Awosika Avenue, Old Bodija, Ibadan.

8, Post Office Road (Opposite MoH), Kano.

Cost of DNA: ₦110,000

Bode DU Laboratory Technology Limited

Bode DU Laboratory Technology Limited is a reputable laboratory known for its expertise in DNA testing. They offer a range of tests, including paternity, maternity, and sibling tests.

It is situated at: Plot 45 Oyibo Adjarho Street, Lekki Phase 1, Lagos, Nigeria

Cost of DNA: ₦100,000

easyDNA, Nigeria 

easyDNA is an international DNA testing company with a presence in Nigeria. They provide a wide range of DNA tests with efficient service and reliable results.

It is situated at: Ijeshatedo Surulere, 2 Omilani Street, Lagos, Nigeria.

Cost Of DNA: ₦85,000

Choosing the Right Hospital for DNA Testing

When selecting a hospital for DNA testing in Nigeria, consider the following factors:

  • Expertise and Reputation: Choose a hospital or laboratory known for its expertise, experience, and accuracy in DNA testing.
  • Recommendations and Reviews: Seek recommendations from trusted sources or check online reviews to gauge the reputation and reliability of the hospital or laboratory.
  • Accessibility and Convenience: Consider the location and accessibility of the hospital to ensure ease of travel and convenience during the testing process.

How is DNA test carried out?

Sample Collection

The first step in a DNA test is sample collection. The most common method is a simple cheek swab, where a cotton swab is rubbed against the inside of the cheek to collect cells containing DNA. Alternatively, blood, saliva, or other bodily fluids can also be used as samples. The sample is then carefully preserved to maintain its integrity.

DNA Extraction

Once the sample is collected, the DNA must be extracted from the cells. This is achieved by breaking open the cells and separating the DNA from other cellular components. Various extraction methods, such as chemical and enzymatic processes, are employed to isolate the DNA molecules.

Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)

To obtain a sufficient quantity of DNA for analysis, the extracted DNA undergoes a process called polymerase chain reaction (PCR). PCR amplifies specific regions of the DNA by creating millions of copies. This is accomplished by repeatedly heating and cooling the DNA sample with specific enzymes, primers, and nucleotides.

Genetic Profiling

After PCR amplification, the DNA is ready for genetic profiling. The most common technique used is called short tandem repeat (STR) analysis. STRs are specific regions in the DNA that contain repeated sequences of nucleotides. By comparing the lengths of these repeats among different individuals, unique genetic profiles can be established.

DNA Analysis and Interpretation

The final step involves analyzing the genetic profiles and interpreting the results. Advanced technologies like capillary electrophoresis or next-generation sequencing are employed to analyze the DNA fragments. These profiles are then compared to reference databases or other samples to determine familial relationships, genetic predispositions, or forensic identification.

DNA test requirements


Identification is a crucial requirement for DNA testing. Individuals providing samples must be properly identified to ensure the integrity and traceability of the testing process. This involves verifying the identity of the individuals through official identification documents or other reliable means. Proper identification protocols are necessary to prevent errors, mix-ups, or potential misuse of genetic information.

Biological Sample

The first essential requirement for DNA testing is a biological sample. This can be collected through methods such as cheek swabs, blood draws, or saliva samples. The quality and integrity of the biological sample are crucial for obtaining accurate DNA profiles. Proper collection techniques, sterile tools, and appropriate preservation methods are essential to maintain the integrity of the DNA throughout the testing process.


Obtaining informed consent is a fundamental ethical consideration in DNA testing. Before conducting the test, individuals must provide their consent after understanding the purpose, potential outcomes, and privacy implications of the test. Informed consent ensures that participants are aware of the nature of the test and have the autonomy to make an informed decision regarding the use of their genetic information.


DNA testing often incurs costs due to the laboratory analysis, interpretation, and reporting involved. Depending on the type of test and the provider, the fees associated with DNA testing can vary. Payment arrangements should be established and agreed upon between the individuals seeking the test and the testing service provider. Ensuring payment obligations are met allows for a smooth and transparent process, facilitating the delivery of results in a timely manner.

What documents are required for DNA test?

Consent Form

A consent form is required to ensure that individuals voluntarily agree to undergo the test and understand its purpose, potential outcomes, and privacy implications. The consent form should outline the rights and responsibilities of the parties involved, ensuring transparency and protecting the individual’s genetic information.

Photo Identification

Proper identification is essential to maintain the integrity and traceability of the DNA testing process. Individuals providing samples are required to present a valid photo identification document, such as a driver’s license, passport, or government-issued ID card. This helps to ensure that the correct person is being tested and minimizes the risk of errors or misidentification.

Birth Certificate

In some cases, a birth certificate may be required for DNA testing, particularly when establishing familial relationships. The birth certificate provides crucial information about an individual’s identity, parentage, and date of birth. It helps to verify the relationship between individuals undergoing the test, such as paternity or siblingship testing.

Court Order

In legal or forensic DNA testing scenarios, a court order may be necessary. A court order is obtained when there is a legal requirement for DNA testing, such as in custody disputes, inheritance, immigration cases, or criminal investigations. The court order serves as a legal authorization for the testing to proceed and provides specific instructions regarding the collection and handling of samples.


What is the accuracy of DNA testing?

DNA testing has a high degree of accuracy when performed by reputable laboratories and experienced professionals. However, it is essential to choose a trusted provider to ensure reliable results.

Can I perform a DNA test without the other person’s consent?

In most cases, consent is required from all parties involved in the DNA testing process. Legal and ethical guidelines must be followed to ensure proper consent and adherence to privacy laws.

How long does it take to receive DNA test results?

The time to receive DNA test results can vary depending on the type of test and the laboratory’s processing time. On average, results are typically available within 2-4 weeks, but some tests may offer expedited options for faster results.

Is DNA testing in Nigeria confidential and secure?

Yes, DNA testing in Nigeria is typically conducted with strict confidentiality and security measures. Reputable hospitals and laboratories adhere to privacy laws and maintain confidentiality protocols to protect individuals’ genetic information.

Can DNA testing be used for legal purposes, such as immigration or inheritance cases?

Yes, DNA testing can be used for legal purposes in Nigeria. In cases involving immigration or inheritance disputes, DNA tests, especially paternity/maternity tests, can provide conclusive evidence to support legal claims and resolve legal proceedings. It is important to ensure that the DNA testing is conducted by an accredited laboratory following legal guidelines and requirements.


DNA testing has become increasingly important in Nigeria, offering valuable information about biological relationships, genetic disorders, ancestral roots, and personalized healthcare. With various types of tests available, individuals can access reliable DNA testing services from reputable hospitals and laboratories across the country. By considering factors such as expertise, reputation, and convenience, individuals can choose the right hospital for their DNA testing needs. While costs may vary, the benefits of DNA testing in Nigeria outweigh the expenses, providing individuals and families with invaluable insights into their genetic makeup and health.

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